Assessing perceived business success as a reflective-formative (Type II) second-order construct using PLS-SEM approach

Tehseen, Shehnaz * and Qureshi, Zuhaib Hassan and Fatema Johara, and Ramayah, T (2019) Assessing perceived business success as a reflective-formative (Type II) second-order construct using PLS-SEM approach. Journal of Sustainability Science and Management, 14 (5). pp. 84-114. ISSN 1823-8556

Tehseen Assessing perceived business.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (1MB) | Preview
Official URL:


This paper describes the process of validating “business success”as a reflective-formative construct using the Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Modeling (PLSSEM) approach. This second-order latent variable has been operationalized with four dimensions, namely perceived financial performance, perceived non-financial performance, perceived business growth and perceived performance relative to competitors. These dimensions do not share a common theme and are distinctly different. Moreover, business success is a phenomenon that occurs with the presence of these constructs. In other words, it is formed by these constructs, thus, it should be measured as a Type II reflective-formative second-order construct. This paper has established the reflective-formative relationship among first-order and second-order constructs. We recommend considering and measuring business success as a reflective-formative second-order latent variable because the misspecification at second-order construct could cause drastic changes in R 2 values and in the values of path coefficients.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: business success; reflective-formative Type II; second-order construct; small- and medium-scale enterprises; PLS-SEM
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
Divisions: Sunway University > Sunway University Business School > Dept. Management
Others > Non Sunway Academics
Depositing User: Dr Janaki Sinnasamy
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2019 02:02
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2019 02:02

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item