Physical properties optimization of POME-groundnut-naphthenic based graphene nanolubricant using response surface methodology

Osama, Mohamed and Walvekar, Rashmi and Khalid, Mohammad * and Rasheed, A. K. * and Wong, Wai Yin and Gupta, T.C.S.M (2018) Physical properties optimization of POME-groundnut-naphthenic based graphene nanolubricant using response surface methodology. Journal of Cleaner Production, 193. pp. 277-289. ISSN 0959-6526

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.05.070

Abstract

In this research, different oil blends were produced by mixing naphthenic base oil, groundnut oil, palm oil methyl ester and nanometer thick graphene flakes. The thermophysical properties such as viscosity, thermal conductivity, volatility and suspension stabilities were measured and modeled for each oil and blends. Every individual parameter was modeled following quadratic multiple linear regression analysis and optimized using the desirability approach. The behavior of each selected property as a function of groundnut oil, palm oil methyl ester and graphene concentrations are discussed and consequently optimized to select the best combination of constituents. While groundnut oil, palm oil methyl ester and graphene were used as additives, had various effects independently on the property of naphthenic base oil. The first noteworthy observation is that the blends made with the higher composition of groundnut oil resulted in higher viscosity index, thermal conductivity, nanosuspension stability, and reduced volatility. Secondly, the viscosity index and thermal conductivity of graphene-based groundnut oil compared to pure naphthenic oil enhanced by 49% and 38% respectively. On the other hand, its stability and volatility reduced by 79% and 98% respectively. Thirdly, palm oil methyl ester as an additive was found to be less effective as the groundnut oil composition was increased. Overall, the results of this study show that groundnut oil, palm oil methyl ester and graphene could make excellent metalworking fluids and additives in different combinations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: naphthenic; groundnut; POME; fraphene; nanofluid; optimization
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Others > Non Sunway Academics
Sunway University > School of Science and Technology > Research Centre for Nano-Materials and Energy Technology
Depositing User: Dr Janaki Sinnasamy
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2018 07:35
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2019 08:45
URI: http://eprints.sunway.edu.my/id/eprint/975

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