Synthesis of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) infltrated MWCNTs buckypaper for strain sensing application

Yee, Min Juey and Mubarak, N. M. and Khalid, Mohammad * and Abdullah, E. C. and Jagadish, Priyanka R. * (2018) Synthesis of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) infltrated MWCNTs buckypaper for strain sensing application. Scientific Reports, 8. p. 17295. ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

Buckypaper (BP)/polymer composites are viewed as a viable option to improve the strain transfer across the buckypaper strain sensor by means of providing better interfacial bonding between the polymer and carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) BP/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) composites were fabricated by a sequence of vacuum fltration and polymer intercalation technique. The optimized conditions for achieving a uniform and stable dispersion of MWCNTs were found to be using ethanol as a dispersion medium, 54μm ultrasonic amplitude and 40min sonication time. FTIR analysis and SEM spectra further confrmed the introduction of oxygenated groups (-COOH) on the surface of MWCNTs BP and the complete infltration of PVA into the porous MWCNTs network. At MWCNTs content of 65 wt. %, the tensile strength, Young’s modulus and elongation-at-break of PVAinfltrated MWCNTs BP achieved a maximum value of 156.28MPa, 4.02GPa and 5.85%, improved by 189%, 443% and 166% respectively, as compared to the MWCNTs BP. Electrical characterization performed using both two-point probe method and Hall efect measurement showed that BP/PVA composites exhibited reduced electrical conductivity. From the electromechanical characterization, the BP/PVA composites showed improved sensitivity with a gauge factor of about 1.89–2.92. The cyclic uniaxial tensile test validated the high reproducibility and hysteresis-free operation of 65-BP/PVA composite under 3 loading-unloading cycles. Characterization results confrmed that the fexible BP/ PVA composite (65 wt. %) with improved mechanical and electromechanical properties is suitable for strain sensing applications in structural health monitoring and wearable technology, as an alternative choice to the fragile nature of conventional metallic strain sensors.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Others > Non Sunway Academics
Sunway University > School of Science and Technology > Research Centre for Nano-Materials and Energy Technology
Depositing User: Dr Janaki Sinnasamy
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2018 02:27
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2019 07:39
URI: http://eprints.sunway.edu.my/id/eprint/962

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