Synthesis, structure, solution behaviour and biological evaluation of oxidovanadium(IV/V) complexes: Substrate specific DMSO assisted methylation of a thiosemicarbazone

Saswati, and Adao, Pedro and Majumder, Sudarshana and Dash, Subashree P and Roy, Satabdi and Kuznetsov, Maxim L and Pessoa, Joao Costa and Gomes, Claras S B and Hardikar, Manasi R and Tiekink, Edward R. T. * and Dinda, Rupam (2018) Synthesis, structure, solution behaviour and biological evaluation of oxidovanadium(IV/V) complexes: Substrate specific DMSO assisted methylation of a thiosemicarbazone. Dalton Transactions, 47. pp. 11358-11374. ISSN 1477-9226

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Abstract

The synthesis and characterization of an oxidovanadium(IV) [VIVO(L)(acac)] (1) and of two dioxidovanadium(V) [VVO2(L')] (2) and [VVO2(L)] (2a) complexes of the Schiff base formed from the reaction of 4-(p-fluorophenyl) thiosemicarbazone with pyridine-2-aldehyde (HL) is described.The oxidovanadium(IV) species [VIVO(L)(acac)] (1) was synthesized by the reaction of VIVO(acac)2 with the thiosemicarbazone HL in refluxing ethanol. The recrystallization of [VIVO(L)(acac)] (1) in DMF, CH3CN or EtOH gave the same product i.e. the dioxidovanadium(V) complex [VVO2(L)] (2a); however, upon recrystallization of 1 in DMSO a distinct compound [VVO2(L')] (2) was formed, wherein the original ligand L- is transformed to a rearranged one, L’-. In the presence of DMSO the ligand in complex 1 is found to undergo methylation at the carbon centre attached to imine nitrogen (aldimine) and transformed to the corresponding V VO2- species through in situ reaction. The synthesized HL and the metal 2 complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV–Vis, NMR and EPR spectroscopy. The molecular structure of [VVO2(L')] (2) was determined by single crystal X–ray crystallography.The methylation of various other ligands and complexes prepared from different vanadium precursors under similar reaction conditions was also attempted and it was confirmed that the imine methylation observed is both ligand and metal precursor specific. Complexes 1 and 2 show in vitro insulin-like activity against insulin responsive L6 myoblast cells, with complex 1 being more potent. In addition, the in vitro cytotoxicity studies of HL, and of complexes 1 and 2 against the MCF–7 and Vero cell lines were also done. The ligand is not cytotoxic and complex 2 is significantly more cytotoxic than 1. DAPI staining experiments indicate that increase in time of incubation as well as increase of concentration of the complexes lead to increase in cell death.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Sunway University > School of Science and Technology > Research Centre for Crystalline Materials
Depositing User: Dr Janaki Sinnasamy
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Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2018 06:32
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2019 06:05
URI: http://eprints.sunway.edu.my/id/eprint/892

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