Best practices and software for themanagement and sharing of camera trap data for small and large scales studies

Scotson, Lorraine and Johnston, Lisa R and Iannarilli, Fabiola and Wearn, Oliver R and Azlan, Jayasilan Mohd and Wong, Wai Ming and Gray, Thomas N E and Dinata, Yoan and Suzuki, Ai and Willard, Clarie E and Frechette, Jackson and Loken, Brent and Steinmetz, Robert and MoBbrucker, Alexander M and Clements, Gopalasamy Reuben * and Fieberg, John (2017) Best practices and software for themanagement and sharing of camera trap data for small and large scales studies. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation, 3 (3). pp. 1-15. ISSN 2056 3485

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Abstract

Camera traps typically generate large amounts of bycatch data of non-target species that are secondary to the study’s objectives. Bycatch data pooled from multiple studies can answer secondary research questions; however, variation in field and data management techniques creates problems when pooling data from multiple sources. Multi-collaborator projects that use standardized methods to answer broad-scale research questions are rare and limited in geographical scope. Many small, fixed-term independent camera trap studies operate in poorly represented regions, often using field and data management methods tailored to their own objectives. Inconsistent data management practices lead to loss of bycatch data, or an inability to share it easily. As a case study to illustrate common problems that limit use of bycatch data, we discuss our experiences processing bycatch data obtained by multiple research groups during a range-wide assessment of sun bears Helarctos malayanus in Southeast Asia. We found that the most significant barrier to using bycatch data for secondary research was the time required, by the owners of the data and by the secondary researchers (us), to retrieve, interpret and process data into a form suitable for secondary analyses. Furthermore, large quantities of data were lost due to incompleteness and ambiguities in data entry. From our experiences, and from a review of the published literature and online resources, we generated nine recommendations on data management best practices for field site metadata, camera trap deployment metadata, image classification data and derived data products. We cover simple techniques that can be employed without training, special software and Internet access, as well as options for more advanced users, including a review of data management software and platforms. From the range of solutions provided here, researchers can employ those that best suit their needs and capacity. Doing so will enhance the usefulness of their camera trap bycatch data by improving the ease of data sharing, enabling collaborations and expanding the scope of research.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bycatch data, data management, macrosystem ecology; metadata; population trends; species identification
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Sunway University > School of Science and Technology > Dept. Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Dr Janaki Sinnasamy
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2017 03:32
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2017 03:32
URI: http://eprints.sunway.edu.my/id/eprint/510

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