Virus-like particles identify an HIV V1V2 Apex-1 binding neutralizing antibody that lacks a protruding loop

Cale, Evan M and Gorman, Jason and Radakovich, Nathan A and Crooks, Ema T and Osawa , Keiko and Tong, Tommy Yuh Koon * (2017) Virus-like particles identify an HIV V1V2 Apex-1 binding neutralizing antibody that lacks a protruding loop. Immunity, 46. pp. 777-791.

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Abstract

Most HIV-1-specific neutralizing antibodies isolated to date exhibit unusual characteristics that complicate their elicitation. Neutralizing antibodies that target the V1V2 apex of the HIV-1 envelope (Env) trimer feature unusually long protruding loops, enabl them to penetrate the HIV-1 glycan shield. As antibodies with loops of requisite length are created through uncommon recombination events, an alternative mode of apex binding has been sought. Here, we isolated a lineage of Env apex-directed neutralizing antibodies, N90-VRC38.01-11, using virus-like particles and conformationally stabilized Env trimers as B cell probes. A crystal structure of N90-VRC38.01 with a scaffolded V1V2 revealed a binding mode involving side-chain to side-chain interactions that reduced the distance the antibody loop must traverse the glycan shield, facilitating V1V2 binding via a non-protruding loop. The N90-VRC38 lineage identifies a solution for V1V2apex binding that provides a more conventional B cell pathway for vaccine design.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is the collaboration of about 31 authors
Uncontrolled Keywords: antibody; B cell ontogeny; bnAb; glycan shield; HIV; neutralization; trimer; vaccine; VLP
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
Divisions: Sunway University > School of Science and Technology > Dept. Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Dr Janaki Sinnasamy
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2017 08:54
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2017 08:59
URI: http://eprints.sunway.edu.my/id/eprint/496

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