Applying SAX-based time series analysis to classify EEG signal using a COTS EEG device

Shanmuga, Pillai A/L Murutha Muthu (2021) Applying SAX-based time series analysis to classify EEG signal using a COTS EEG device. Masters thesis, Sunway University.

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Technology is an important requirement in life. Without technology, many things will not be able to materialize. The interaction with modern devices such as computing devices has made life more convenient. Some of these technologies come to people with disabilities such as electric car, smart belt, braille smartphone, eyeborg, ibot stair-climbing wheelchair, brain-computer interface, Deka bionic arm, google glass etc. For people with disabilities, some movements, such as usage or control of devices will not be as simple and easy as compared to people without disabilities. One of the proposals that could help solve this problem is the use of brain-computer interface (BCI)s. Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) can be used as a direct communication path between the brain and an external device. BCIs are often aimed at helping, strengthening or improving cognitive or sensory-motor humans. For example, BCI could be useful for detecting the eye movement for patients who are paralyzed who wish to still interact with a computer. The motivation of this project is to investigate and apply unobtrusive techniques based on commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) BCI devices. The selected area was chosen for this project is the use of eye gaze tracking and movement to help people with disabilities. In order to make BCI useful, one of the approaches is to classify the EEG time series signal that may indicate given eye movements that will be used as input instructions to a device. This research will investigate the application of the Symbolic Aggregate Approximation (SAX) algorithm on top of known supervised machine learning techniques to perform EEG signal classification. The main motivation of this study is to find out techniques that may improve EEG signal classification. SAX algorithm may bring improvement to classic time series classification, so we investigate it`s impact on EEG signal classification. SAX algorithm changes the original time series data into a symbolic string and perform the discretization by dividing a time series into equal-sized segments. The research aims to investigate advantages and improvement such an extension to known techniques when it comes to BCI signal classification using COTS BCI devices.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: EEG device; electroencephalography;
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: Sunway University > School of Engineering and Technology [formerly School of Science and Technology until 2020] > Dept. Computing and Information Systems
Depositing User: Ms Yong Yee Chan
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2023 09:00
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2023 09:12

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