Moderators of workplace aggression: The influences of social support and training

Brown, Valerie M. and Loh, Jennifer M. I and Marsh, Nigel V.* (2012) Moderators of workplace aggression: The influences of social support and training. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Organisational Psychology, 5. pp. 32-42. ISSN 1835-7601 (e issn)

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Reception and administrative employees may be particularly vulnerable to patient aggression in mental health services. This study examined whether satisfaction with social support and primary aggression training moderated the effects of perceived aggression on psychological distress and somatic symptoms in a sample of 101 employees. The biophysical model of threat and challenge, the stressor-stress-strain model, and the stress-buffering hypothesis served as theoretical frameworks. Results showed perceived aggression correlated positively with psychological distress, but not with somatic symptoms. Significant interactions were found for social support (buffering effect) and training (interaction effect) for somatic symptoms, but not for psychological distress. It is suggested that, for somatic symptoms, the moderation effects of social support and training on perceived aggression involve similar mechanisms (increased knowledge, self-esteem, perceived control, coping capacity). These findings provide support for the benefits of staff training and the incorporation of knowledge-based components in training programs.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: First author is with the Department of Psychology, The University of Melbourne; 2nd author is with School of Psychology and Social Science, Edith Cowan University; 3rd author is with the Department of Psychology, Sunway University.
Uncontrolled Keywords: mental health services; workplace aggression; stressor-stress-strain model; stress-buffering hypothesis; social support; staff training
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Divisions: Others > Non Sunway Academics
Sunway University > School of Engineering and Technology [formerly School of Science and Technology until 2020] > Dept. Psychology moved to SMLS wef 2021
Depositing User: Ms. Molly Chuah
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2014 09:05
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2015 06:10

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