Tour guiding or tour misleading? Multifaceted approach in assessing the standards of cultural tour guiding in Bali Island

Chong, Daniel Ka Leong * and Lo, Mun U (2021) Tour guiding or tour misleading? Multifaceted approach in assessing the standards of cultural tour guiding in Bali Island. e-Review of Tourism Research (eRTR), 18 (4). pp. 525-546.

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This study inspects the quality of tour guiding in Bali Island in specific to cultural tour. A total of 4 quality standards of tour guiding were conceptualized based on suggestions from UNESCO, and World Federation of Tourist Guide Association namely 1) Knowledge, 2) Guiding techniques, 3) Compliance to Rules and Regulations, and 4) Sensitiveness. This study applied 3 research techniques: (1) In-depth Interview, (2) Site observation with experiential audit and (3) Mystery shoppers in collecting data pertaining to perception, experiences, sharing of information, actions and behavior in a natural setting. Total of 2 industrial experts, 7 cultural sites, 15 tour operators, 12 tourists and 2 non-local tour guides were sampled for interview, observation and evaluation. Thematic analysis was used to discover the overall indicators of performance followed by benchmarking analysis to conclude on the level of compliance. Findings suggested that the sampled tour guides did show certain degree of compliance especially in guiding techniques, and sensitive towards tourist’s need. However, findings indicate a concerning gap in standards related to knowledge and abiding rules and regulations. The study also discovers that the performance of tour guiding varies and somehow related to the presence of illegal tour guiding in the island. This study has contributed to the understanding tour guiding qualities in Bali Island. Moreover, this study provides practical and realistic implications that contribute to the development of cultural tour guiding in Bali Island.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tour Guide; Cultural Tourism; Bali Tourism; Tour Operator; Sustainable Tourism
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General) > G 154.9 Tourism
Divisions: Others > Non Sunway Academics
Sunway University > School of Hospitality and Service Management [formerly School of Hospitality until 2020]
Depositing User: Dr Janaki Sinnasamy
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2021 12:20
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2021 12:20

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