Evaluation of gamma-ray and neutron shielding features of heavy metals doped Bi2O3-BaO-Na2O-MgO-B2O3 glass systems

Sayyed, M. I. and Ashok Kumar, and Tekin, H. O. and Kaur, Ramandeep and Singh, Mandeep and Agar, O. and Khandaker, Mayeen Uddin * (2020) Evaluation of gamma-ray and neutron shielding features of heavy metals doped Bi2O3-BaO-Na2O-MgO-B2O3 glass systems. Progress in Nuclear Energy, 118. p. 103118. ISSN 0149-1970

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.pnucene.2019.103118


Recognizing the vast uses of radioactive sources in several sectors such as industry, medicine, agriculture, development of effective radiation shielding material finds great significance. Present work is aimed to explore potential glass based material for neutron and gamma ray shielding applications. In the present study, several borate glasses with composition of (20 + x) Bi2O3–20BaO–10Na2O–10MgO–(40-x) B2O3 (where x = 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 mol%) were successfully synthesized via melt-quenching method, and evaluated their gamma-ray and neutron shielding features. The densities of the studied glasses are increased with the addition of Bi2O3 content. The non-existence of any sharp peak in X-ray diffraction spectra confirms the amorphous nature of the glasses. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy gives the necessary information regarding the structure of the glasses. The optical band gap for both direct and indirect transitions decreases from 2.905 to 2.806 eV and 2.661 to 2.536 eV as B2O3 replaced with Bi2O3. Some quantities namely mass attenuation coefficients , half-value layer (HVL), mean free path (MFP), macroscopic effective removal cross sections (ΣR) and transmission factor (TF) have been studied theoretically and computationally for gamma-ray and neutron shielding characteristics. The correlation coefficient (R2) values between the XCOM and MCNPX results of all the glasses were found to be almost 1. According to our results, Bi40B20 sample with the highest amount of Bi2O3 has the lowest MFP and TF values, and this suggested that the gamma and neutron shielding performances of the Bi2O3-BaO-Na2O-MgO-B2O3 glasses are improved with the addition of Bi2O3 content.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Borate glasses; Melt-quenching method; FTIR; Gamma photon; MCNPX; Shielding
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R895-920 Medical Physics/Medical Radiology
Divisions: Others > Non Sunway Academics
Sunway University > School of Medical and Life Sciences [formerly School of Healthcare and Medical Sciences until 2020] > Centre of Biomedical Physics [wef 2021 changed to Research Centre for Applied Physics and Radiation Technologies and moved to SET ]
Depositing User: Dr Janaki Sinnasamy
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Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2021 04:05
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2021 04:05
URI: http://eprints.sunway.edu.my/id/eprint/1681

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