Compositional analysis of chalcopyrite using calibration-free laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy

Ahmad, A. and Hafeez, M. and Abbasi, S. A. and Khan, T. M. and Faruque, M. R. I. and Khandaker, Mayeen Uddin * and Ahmad, P. and Rafique, M. and Haleem, N. (2020) Compositional analysis of chalcopyrite using calibration-free laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. Applied Sciences, 10 (19). p. 6848. ISSN 2076-3417

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Thisarticlepresentselementalanalysisofaneconomicallyimportantmineral(chalcopyrite) oflocalorigin. Calibration-freelaser-inducedbreakdownspectroscopy(CF-LIBS)methodologybased on the assumption of optically thin plasma and local thermodynamic equilibrium was employed for quantitative analysis. Plasma on the surface of the chalcopyrite target was generated by an Nd:YAG laser beam of wavelength 532 nm, pulse width 5 ns, and operated at repetition rate of 10 Hz. A LIBS2000+ detection system, comprised of five spectrometers, covering the spectral range from 200–720 nm, was used to record the signal of the optical emission from the chalcopyrite plasma. Recorded optical spectrum revealed the presence of Cu and Fe as the major elements while Ca and Na were recognized as the minor elements in the target sample. Quantitative analysis has shown that the relative concentrations of Cu, Fe, and Ca in the sample under study were 58.9%, 40.2%, and 0.9% by weight respectively. However, Na was not quantified due to the unavailability of suitable spectral lines, required for CF-LIBS analysis. Results obtained by CF-LIBS were validated by X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis, which showed the presence of five compositional elements viz. Cu, Fe, Si, Se and Ag with weight percentages of 58.1%, 35.4%, 5.7%, 0.7%, and 0.1% respectively. These results endorse the effectiveness of the CF-LIBS technique for quantitative analysis of major elements, however, its usefulness in case of minor and trace elements needs further improvement.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: chalcopyrite; CF-LIBS; XRF; copper; mineral
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R895-920 Medical Physics/Medical Radiology
Divisions: Others > Non Sunway Academics
Sunway University > School of Engineering and Technology [formerly School of Science and Technology until 2020] > Research Centre for Applied Physics and Radiation Technologies
Depositing User: Dr Janaki Sinnasamy
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2021 07:54
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2021 07:54

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