Radiation dose to Malaysian populace via the consumption of roasted ground and instant coffee

Khandaker, Mayeen Uddin * and Nur Khairunnisa, Z. and Bradley, D.A. * and Faruque, M. R. I. and Almasoud, F. I. and Sayyed, M. I. and Sulieman, A. and Jojo, P.J. (2020) Radiation dose to Malaysian populace via the consumption of roasted ground and instant coffee. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 173. p. 108886. ISSN 0969-806X (In Press)

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2020.108886


Accompanying the busy lifestyles of modern Malaysia, coffee is becoming one of the nations’ most popular stimulating drinks. In association with nutrients uptake, natural radionuclides in soil are also being taken up by the coffee plant, subsequently appearing in the human body through consumption of coffee. Present study concerns the assessment of the natural radionuclides 226Ra, 228Ra, and 40K in roasted ground and instant coffee consumed in Malaysia. A total of 12 sampled brands of coffee, originating from seven different countries including Malaysia, were collected from various supermarkets in Kuala Lumpur. The samples were analyzed by HPGe γ-ray spectrometry, obtaining a range of activities (in Bq/kg) 6.4 ± 1.3–21.4 ± 2.4, 6.6 ± 1.8–47.9 ± 10.6, and 220 ± 12–1510 ± 72 for 226Ra, 228Ra and 40K respectively. The annual committed effective dose estimate from such coffee consumption was found to be in the range 13.2–55.7 μSv/y, low in comparison with the UNSCEAR (2000) reference dose guidance limit of 290 μSv/y. The estimated threshold coffee consumption rates indicates a guidance limitation for Sample L of not more than 21 g/d (some 2 cups/d) to avoid deleterious health effect. While the presently sampled coffee brands do not represent a public concern in terms of radiological risk, cumulative daily dietary exposures from other or present brands may not be totally negligible because of the UNSCEAR reference limit is due to the contribution from all natural sources. Thus, periodic monitoring of radiation levels in coffee is suggested to be of importance.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ground and instant coffee; HPGe γ-ray spectrometry; Terrestrial radionuclides; Radiological dose; Threshold consumption rate
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R895-920 Medical Physics/Medical Radiology
Divisions: Others > Non Sunway Academics
Sunway University > School of Engineering and Technology [formerly School of Science and Technology until 2020] > Research Centre for Applied Physics and Radiation Technologies
Depositing User: Dr Janaki Sinnasamy
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2021 02:26
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2021 02:27
URI: http://eprints.sunway.edu.my/id/eprint/1621

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