Experimental and computational evidence for a stabilising C–Cl(lone-pair)⋯π(chelate-ring) interaction

Tan, Sang Loon * and Lee, See Mun * and Lo, Kong Mun * and Otero-de-la-Roza, Alberto and Tiekink, Edward R. T. * (2021) Experimental and computational evidence for a stabilising C–Cl(lone-pair)⋯π(chelate-ring) interaction. CrystEngComm, 23 (1). pp. 119-130. ISSN 1466-8033 (In Press)

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1039/D0CE01478H


In addition to a variety of conventional non-covalent intermolecular interactions such as C–H…π(arene), C–H…Cl and π(arene)…π(chelate-ring) contacts, the molecular packing in the crystal of an organotin dithiocarbamate compound, [SnCl(4-ClC6H4)2{S2CN(i-Pr)2}], exhibits evidence for a C–Cl…π(chelate-ring) interaction. These interactions occur via a side-on approach of the chloride atom to the chelate-ring and therefore, are characterised as C–Cl(lone pair)…π(chelate-ring) interactions, are shown to be attractive by NCI plots and QTAIM analysis, and are apparent in the calculated Hirshfeld surfaces. Theory suggests the energy of association provided the C–Cl…π(chelate-ring) interactions to be about 3-4 kcal/mol, a value greater than for analogous C–Cl…π(arene) and C–H…π(arene) interactions. A survey of the literature of related structures suggests these interactions are not common. The newly described C–Cl(lone-pair)…π(chelate-ring) interactions add to the variety of intermolecular interactions able to be formed by chelate-rings in the supramolecular chemistry of metal complexes.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Others > Non Sunway Academics
Sunway University > School of Engineering and Technology [formerly School of Science and Technology until 2020] > Research Centre for Crystalline Materials moved to SMLS wef 2021
Depositing User: Dr Janaki Sinnasamy
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2021 07:12
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2021 08:45
URI: http://eprints.sunway.edu.my/id/eprint/1551

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